New report of the OIE shows global shift in use of antibiotics in animals


By Ir. Bart Molenaers, Scientific director at Mercordi animal care, Belgium
The new report of the world Organisation for animal health (OIE) shows positive global progress on the monitoring and regulations of antimicrobial use in animals. The amount of countries to collect data on the use of antimicrobials in animals has increased again in this new data collection round.



Since a couple of years, the OIE has developed a voluntary data collection system to monitor the use of antimicrobial agents in animals. The report of the OIE shows data from 2015 till 2017. A record of 155 countries voluntary participated in it.


Figure: the number of countries participating on the OIE Data collection of antimicrobial use in Animals from 2015-2017. Not only the total participation increased, also the number of countries participating with quantitative data.

These data clearly show an increasing international awareness of the dangers in using antimicrobials as growth promotors in animal feed. The number of countries using antimicrobials for growth promotion has declined from 60 to 45 countries since 2016, states the report. Also, the number of countries without regulatory framework on the use of growth promotors have decreased from 110 to 72.
However, key antimicrobials, classified by the world health organisation as ‘highest priority critically important antimicrobials’, including colistin, continue to be used routinely in several regions for this purpose. Of the 45 countries using antimicrobials, 30 countries also provided the amount and name of the antimircrobials used for growth promotion.



Figure:  Antimicrobial agents used for growth promotion in animals in 30 countries in 2017.  Important antimicrobials as colistin are still widely used.
The use of antibiotics to promote growth in healthy animals has been banned in the European Union since 2006 and in the United States since 2017 because it fuels the development of dangerous drug-resistant microbial infections in humans. The OIE report states that of the 45 countries reporting continued antibiotic use for growth promotion, 18 are in the Americas, 14 in Asia and Oceania and 10 in Africa. Hopefully the positive evolution stated in this report will grow further on and lead to a worldwide ban on the use of antimicrobial growth promoters ( AGPs).


Source:
 World organisation for animal health ( OIE, 2018). OIe annual report on antimicrobial agents intended for use in animals
Poultry breast image: zootechnica international

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Mercordi Animal Care : New report of the OIE shows global shift in use of antibiotics in animals
New report of the OIE shows global shift in use of antibiotics in animals
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